an advantage of the single-step income statement over the multiple-step form is

For example, gains and losses from the routine sale of equipment, buildings, or other operating assets and from the sale of investment assets normally would be included in income from continuing operations. Later in the chapter we discuss certain gains and losses that are excluded from continuing operations.

What is an advantage of the multi-step over the single-step income statement?

The siloed breakdowns in multiple-step income statements allow for deeper analysis of margins and provide more accurate representations of the costs of goods sold. Such specificity gives stakeholders a sharper view of how a company runs its business, by detailing how the gross, operating, and net margins compare.

Then, in the operational activities column, add the entire operating expenditures. This would include the costs of selling, advertising, wages, and administrative costs like office supplies and rent.

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Subtract the cost of items sold from the net sales to arrive at the gross profit. Then, under the cost of goods sold, add the final sum as a line item and call it Gross Profit.

A multi-step income statement includes the subtotals that lead to the net income calculation and thus provides more detail into how your business generates an advantage of the single-step income statement over the multiple-step form is net income than a single-step statement. This allows you as a business owner or manager to gain more insight into the business and its financial position.

What is the difference between single-step and multiple-step income statements?

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Income Statement: How to Read and Use It – Investopedia

Income Statement: How to Read and Use It.

Posted: Sun, 26 Mar 2017 08:49:57 GMT [source]

Managerial accounting is the practice of analyzing and communicating financial data to managers, who use the information to make business decisions. Multiple-Step statements provide an in-depth look at a company’s financial health, offering details about the company’s wellbeing. Explain how to find the net sales on a multi-step income statement. Whether you’re looking for investors for your business or want to apply for credit, you’ll find that producing four types of financial statements can help you. To artificially boost their margins, management could move spending out of the cost of products sold and into operations. It’s usually a good idea to look at comparative financial accounts over time to see trends and detect misplaced spending.


A single-step income statement is a single-step process, whereas a multi-step income statement is a three-step process to calculate the company’s net income and profit. For an expense or income to be called a non-operating activity, it should be an extraordinary item that is not part of the company’s operations. Examples of a non-operating income include gain from the sale of an asset, gain incurred in foreign exchange dealings, dividend income, and profit from investments. B) Subtract operating expenses from gross profit to arrive at net operating profit or loss. A single-step income statement is generally used in the services industry. The company also does not need to hire expensive accountants to manage records to prepare a single-step income statement. This is because it does not require a lot of details and hence the record-keeping process is also simpler.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of the single-step income statement?

Simplicity, understandability by a layperson, focuses primarily on revenues, and expenses are the various advantages. The absence of showing relationships between the cost of goods sold and sales is considered a disadvantage of a single-step income statement.

One disadvantage of the single-step income statement is the lack of relevant information communicated. Savvy financial statement users want to understand the various business activities that occur during the period. The single-step income statement does not segregate activities or provide details in its reporting. Such a statement gives a simple view of the company’s profit or loss. In this, we use a single equation to come up with the profit or loss. This method reports revenue, expenses, and profit or loss, but it does so in a single equation.

What is a Multi-Step Income Statement?

The loss, interest, or gain must be from an unusual item not part of the company’s routine operation for an expense or income to be recognized as non-operating. The expenditures paid while selling items to customers are known as selling expenses, including marketing expenses, sales, people’s salaries, and freight charges. Creditors evaluate gross profit to assess a company’s capacity to satisfy looming debt commitments and repay outstanding credit. Income statements enable you to choose a monthly, quarterly, or yearly income statement period, depending on your needs. Net Income is the income earned after other revenues are added and other expenses are subtracted.

an advantage of the single-step income statement over the multiple-step form is

Single-step or multi-step income statements are available to small enterprises with a simple operational structure, such as sole proprietorships and partnerships. The single-step income statement is the simplest income statement format, calculating revenue totals and subtracting expenses to arrive at net income. The single-step income statement is best for businesses that don’t have a lot of expenses and just want to keep track of how much revenue they’re bringing in.

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